6 types of acne. Know them to fight them.
- A correct diagnosis of your acne is the first step to cure and prevent them.
- Acne is mainly categorised into two groups: non-inflammatory and inflammatory acne.
- Whiteheads and blackheads are caused by plugged pores and are non-inflammatory.
- Papules, pustules, nodules and cysts are inflammatory.
It’s morning. You have an important presentation planned. Suddenly, you notice a spot on your nose that wasn’t there the night before. After allowing yourself a moment of panic, you immediately slather it with the most potent solution. But wait. Was that spot on your face a blackhead, or a type of inflammatory acne? The first step in getting treatment for acne is getting a correct diagnosis and we help demystify some of the most common types below.
Non-inflammatory acne refers to clogged pores, while inflammatory acne refers to clogged pores that have been infected with bacteria. Each type of acne needs to be treated differently. Want to know what you have?
Read on below:
Usually due to closed plugged pores in hair follicles, whiteheads are a type of non-inflammatory acne. They are a combination of sebum and dead skin cells that build up in closed pores. Those tiny, painless bumps on your nose? They’re whiteheads.
When the closed plugged pores of whiteheads come in contact with outside air, they oxidize and turn a blackish colour, forming blackheads. So blackheads are really whiteheads — sebum and dead skin cells— after they get exposed to air.
A type of inflammatory acne, papules are small, red bumps on your skin that are tender to touch. They can get as big as 1cm across. When papules get infected with bacteria, they form pimples on your face.
Pimples are infected papules with pus at their tips. They can also appear on your skin as red swollen bumps, with white or yellow tips.
Large, solid, inflamed and painful lumps beneath the surface of your skin. When bacteria enters the open plugged pores of your blackheads, the pores get infected. To contain the infection, the skin gets inflamed from the inside and nodules appear on the outside. Nodules can take a while to disappear.
Pus-filled lumps that are red, swollen and painful, beneath the surface of your skin. Cystic lesions are another type of inflamed acne caused by bacteria, just like nodules. But while nodules are big, hard lumps, cystic lesions are pus-filled and feel like fluid-filled sacs.